What is a Thyroid Goiter?

At Freeman Endocrinology we take the time to help patients understand their medical conditions and then providing a range of treatment options. In this latest post, we highlight a condition known as thyroid goiter and how it can impact your life.  We will also explore treatment options.

What is a Goiter?

A thyroid goiter is an abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland, which is a butterfly shaped gland located at the base of your neck just behind your Adam’s apple. While the goiter may be painless, it can cause a cough and make it difficult to breathe and swallow. The gland can become very uncomfortable over time.

What are the causes?

While the major cause of the development of a thyroid goiter globally is a lack of iodine in the diet, but in the United States, the leading cause is the overproduction of thyroid hormones. The goiter simply indicates that there is a condition which is causing the thyroid to grow abnormally.

How is it diagnosed?

Fortunately, there are a number of effective options for diagnosing and treating a thyroid goiter. First, you’ll have to undergo blood testing to determine if the thyroid is underactive or overactive, as this will dictate the form the treatment takes. If the thyroid is enlarged and you have a hyperthyroid condition, the specialist will proceed with tests to determine if you have Graves’ Disease. If you are considered hypothyroid, the tests will determine whether you have the condition Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis. Additional blood tests can help to further confirm the diagnosis and form the basis for future treatment.

How is it treated?

The treatment that Dr. Freeman will recommend for you depends on the cause of the goiter and your overall health. For example, we may recommend that you take thyroid hormone supplement therapy to boost your thyroid hormone levels. Or we may ask you to take a treatment that is specific for Graves’ disease. It’s important that you follow our guidance closely to ensure effective treatment is completed for the long-term.

Let Freeman Endocrinology Help

Our team at Freeman Endocrinology can help guide you on your thyroid goiter treatment options. To learn more on testing and other services, call us today for assistance.

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